Bed bugs are insects that nourish themselves by feeding on the blood of human beings at night. Bed bugs do not have wings and are less than half an inch in size.
They multiply quickly. A female can lay up to 500 eggs at one time and they hatch after 10 days.
Bed bugs typically hide in the nooks and crannies of bedrooms during the day. Brown fecal spots and tiny blood stains can be an indication of a bed bug infestation.
There are a number of non-chemical methods to remove bed bugs.
High Wash Setting
If you suspect that your bedding is infested with bed bugs, strip off all the bedding from your bed including the bed skirt. Wash and dry the bedding on a high heat washer and dryer setting.
This will eliminate any bed bugs in the bedding. You should wash bedding on a weekly basis as a preventative measure once you have handled the infestation.
Commercial Heating Service
Commercial heating services use heat for bed bug removal in the entire bedroom. Use a service that has credentials from the Structural Pest Control Board if you are located in California.
Ask for references if specific licensing is not required in your state.
If a bed bug manifestation has been identified, you should get rid of your mattress and replace it with a new one. You can not wash mattresses so you must get rid of them if you want to contain a bed bug infestation.
You can prevent bed bugs from climbing up your bed room furniture by coating the legs of your furniture with a thin layer of slippery petroleum jelly. This will prevent the bugs from gripping onto the surface and settling into the crevices of your bed.
Vacuum & Steam Carpets
Vacuum all your carpets after removing all your furniture from the room. Steam clean the carpet on high heat to eliminate any bed bugs.
Pass the steam cleaner over the surface of the carpet every ten seconds for ten to fifteen minutes.