Select a building site and obtain required construction permits. Choose a fairly elevated, well drained site to avoid flooding or water drainage issues. Situate the cabin to take advantage of sunlight or desired shade. Clear the building location of trees, if needed, and remove rocks and any other construction obstacles. Level the site.
Sketch out a building plan. Position windows and doors to allow for cross ventilation. Consider how you and your family will use the cabin and what sleeping accommodations will be required. Determine if your cabin will have electricity or indoor plumbing. Will a stove be required? These items can be added at a later date, but their placement and location should be planned prior to cabin construction.
Build a foundation using 4-way deck blocks, concrete blocks or stone set on a 4 to 6 inch layer of compacted gravel.
Construct the floor joists from pressure treated lumber. Nail the joists together with joist hangers. Cover the floor joists with 5/8" pressure treated plywood.
Build the wall frames with 2" x 4" spruce lumber, on 16" spacing. Once the wall frames are constructed, raise them one by one, nailing them to the floor joists. (The frames are bulky and unyielding. It helps to have a second person to help raise and position wall frames.)
Build a roof frame by nailing roof joists to the cabin wall studs. Use 16" inch spacing, positioning joists to match the wall studs. When the roof frame is complete, cover with 5/8" pressure treated plywood. Cover the roof with plastic sheeting or tar paper. Nail or staple the roof covering in place. Cover with shingles or metal roofing material. Enjoy your cabin.
Things You Will Need
- Lumber or logs
- Roofing material
- Concrete blocks or rocks
- Hand saw
- Table saw (circular)
- Tape measure
- If working in a remote location without electricity, a small power generator can be rented or purchased to supply power for tools and light. Consider how you and your family will use the cabin and what sleeping accommodations will be required. Determine if your cabin will have electricity or indoor plumbing. Will a stove be required? These items can be added at a later date, but their placement and location should be planned prior to cabin construction.