Using a liquid treatment such as a chemical spray is a very popular method for dealing with termites. The termite killer can be sprayed into cracks and crevices where the termites are living, as well as on and into the ground surrounding your home. The drawback to this method for killing termites is that the dangerous chemicals will seep into the ground water and can prove harmful. However, more environmentally friendly liquid treatments are coming onto the market. The benefit to this type of treatment is that it will immediately kill any termites that come into contact with the chemical.
Termite bait is a more innovative way for dealing with termites. After determining the location of the termites, a bait is placed in the wood that the termites will ingest. As termites groom and feed each other, this bait will gradually spread throughout the colony. There are various types of termite bait, which effect the termites differently. Some will inhibit their growth and development, while others will make them unable to molt, or will cause them to develop abnormally. The effects of termite bait can take months to occur, so the drawback to this treatment is that it can be far too slow for homes with serious damage or infestation.
The most effective termite treatment of all is one that prevents the termites from starting a colony in your home to begin with. If you are constructing a new house, make sure that the wood beams are coated with sodium borate. This chemical will protect your home from termites. Should a termite attempt to ingest your wood, the chemical will enter their digestive system and kill the protozoa in the termite's stomach that digest the wood. This will, in effect, cause any termite that nibbles on your home to starve to death.