How to Dig a Farm Pond

A beautiful pond would be a wonderful addition to any farm.

A lovely pondA lovely pond
You can let the kids take a dip in the pond on a hot summer day, or stock it with fish. Digging your own pond is easier than you might imagine, and you can make it as small or large as you like. Ponds add scenic beauty to any farm and can be an emergency water source.

Choose the right location for your pond. Find a section of flat land so the water in your pond does not drain out.

Call your local county or city and ask what the freeze line is (for example, 3 feet beneath surface dirt). Digging deeper than the freeze line will prevent your pond from freezing into a solid block of ice in winter.

Mark the shape of your pond with spray paint.

Starting from the center and working outward, dig your pond. Make the pond at least 1 to 2 feet deeper than the freeze line, especially if you plan to stock your pond with fish.

Remove all debris from the bottom of the pond.

Spread a vinyl liner or pond liner to the bottom, avoiding wrinkles and folds. Cut any excess with a utility knife.

Add water or wait for rainfall. Add dechlorinator if you plan to stock your pond with fish.

Things You Will Need

  • Spray paint
  • Shovel
  • Vinyl liner or pond underlayment
  • Utility knife
  • Dechlorinator

Warning

  • Contact your local utility and electric company before digging to ensure that electrical lines or municipal plumbing are not compromised during construction of your pond.

About the Author

Based in Chicago, Annie Wang has been writing since 2008. Her work has appeared in World Architecture News and other online publications. She holds Bachelor of Arts degrees in English and art history from the University of California, Davis.