There are various types of mahogany trees, including the Cuban and Honduras mahogany. The local name of the mahogany tree in Central America is the caoba. It is the national tree of both Belize and the Dominican Republic.
For most of the 20th century, mahogany trees were cut down for use of their much-desired wood until near the point of extinction. These trees are now listed as endangered, so they are protected. It's name comes from an American Indian word.
Mahogany trees can grow to more than 150 feet in height with trunks that can reach up to 6 feet in diameter. The tree has rough bark that can range from gray to a reddish-brown.
Mahogany wood was often used to make furniture, drums and guitars. When first cut, the wood can range from a yellow to pinkish color but changes to a rich red or brown when it ages.
Mahogany is an easy wood to work with. It is easy to use with nails and screws, polishes well, responds well to tools and carves well.