How to Replace Clay Flue Liners
Clay flue liners are hollow, rectangular tiles that are stacked up and mortared together inside of a chimney. They provide a smooth surface over which smoke can move easily as it rises up the chimney. Without a flue liner, smoke is more likely to leave deposits of creosote on the inside brick surface of the chimney, creating a fire hazard. Over time or as a result of damage, clay flue liners can deteriorate and break, and require replacement.
Open the clean-out door at the bottom of the chimney. Clean out any ash and soot. If there are shards of clay in the stuff you clean out, that means at least one of the clay flue liner sections in the chimney is broken.
Climb onto the roof and shine a light down the chimney. Look for any cracks, breaks or missing pieces in the sections of clay flue liner. If you are lucky and only the top one or two are broken, you can probably replace them by reaching carefully into the chimney, tapping them loose and removing them, them mortaring in new sections. If the broken parts are deeper within the chimney, the easiest solution is to install a metal liner.
Uncoil a flexible metal liner on the roof. Measure the length of the chimney from the top to the thimble (the hole where the stove pipe is attached), or to the damper if the chimney connects to a fireplace. Cut the metal liner so it is one foot longer than this measurement, using a pair of tinsnips.
Drop a rope down the chimney to an assistant at the bottom. Tie the rope to the end of the metal chimney liner. Carefully feed the liner into the top of the chimney while your assistant pulls on the rope from the bottom. Don't bend the liner any more than is necessary to transfer it from the rooftop to the chimney.
Stop feeding the liner in when your assistant tells you that the bottom has reached the level of the thimble. Attach the bottom of the liner to the inside of the thimble. Attach the top of the liner to the top of the chimney with the chimney cap that is supplied with replacement chimney liner kits. These caps vary between kits, but are usually attached with several simple screws.
Jagg Xaxx has been writing since 1983. His primary areas of writing include surrealism, Buddhist iconography and environmental issues. Xaxx worked as a cabinetmaker for 12 years, as well as building and renovating several houses. Xaxx holds a Doctor of Philosophy in art history from the University of Manchester in the U.K.