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How to Wire a Wind Turbine

With the rising costs of electricity, many have turned to alternative sources of power for their homes. Remote regions with no power sources can use wind power to charge batteries that can then provide power. Wind power is not limited by the availability of sun and will operate in both rain or shine. Here is how to wire the circuit from the turbine to the batteries.

Install the wind turbine tower. Make sure all the connections are tight and that the tower is well secured according to the manufacturer instructions.

Begin at the battery end of the circuit. Ground the negative terminal of the battery.

Connect the negative terminal of the battery to one pole of the battery side of the stop switch.

Begin at the positive terminal of the battery and connect one end of the single pole single throw switch.

Connect the other side of the single pole single throw switch to one side of the fuse. Be sure to use a DC fuse rated for the battery and power in question.

Connect the other side of the fuse to one side of the amp meter.

Connect the other side of the amp meter to the other pole of the battery side of the stop switch.

Check all the wiring connections from both sides of the battery to the stop switch and make sure that they are firm and make good contact.

Connect the other side of the single pole single throw switch to one side of the amp meter.

Connect the output of the turbine to the poles of the turbine side of the double throw double pole stop switch.

Things You Will Need

  • Deep cycle batteries
  • Wind turbine
  • Stop switch, single throw double pole break-before-make style
  • 10 gauge stranded copper wire
  • Wire cutters
  • Screwdrivers, both Phillips and straight edge
  • Amp-meter
  • Fuse, DC rated fuse to match the power and battery in question
  • Battery disconnect switch, single throw single pole style

Tips

  • Use 10 gauge stranded copper wire for all connections in the circuit.
  • If the amp meter needle stays all the way to the left when the turbine is running, you have probably wired the amp meter backwards. Simply disconnect the wires to the amp meter and exchange them. The needle should now move to the right when the turbine is connected.

Warning

  • Make sure that the stop switch is correctly oriented in the circuit. When opened, the switch should break the connection to the battery and then short the terminals of the turbine. When closing the switch, the connection between the turbine lines should break before connecting to the battery.

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