Choose a level site away from overhead tree branches. Ensure the site is the required distance from buildings, according to your local fire ordinances.
Pound in a wooden or iron stake at the center of the proposed fire ring. Attach a string to the top of the stake and use it to mark a circle designating the size of the fire ring area. It should be large enough to encompass the fire itself and also leave room for spectators to gather around it. Attach a can of spray paint to the end of the string to mark the ground for the perimeter of the fire ring.
Remove all vegetation from the center of the marked area. Use a shovel to cut off sod, holding the shovel at a shallow angle to the ground. Pull out annual and perennial plants or weeds by their roots.
Add 1 inch of sand to the dug-out area. Smooth the surface of the sand.
Lay large rocks, manufactured landscaping pavers or bricks inside of the perimeter of the circle, directly on top of the sand. The interior dimension of the fire ring should be approximately 3 feet, or the size specified by your local fire ordinances. Make the fire ring border no higher than about two courses of stones to reduce the chance of a rock falling onto someone's foot in the dark.
Things You Will Need
- Wooden or iron stake
- Spray paint
- Rocks, landscaping pavers or bricks
- Consult your local municipality to determine the regulations and ordinances that govern placement of outdoor fire pits in your area.