How to Find the Tonnage of an HVAC Compressor
Air conditioning systems are sized using tons as the unit of measurement. Each ton equals 12,000 BTU (British Thermal Units). Knowing the tonnage of your HVAC compressor is vital in case it needs to be replaced or serviced. If replaced with the wrong size, your unit will not operate correctly and the electrical circuit may not even be large enough to handle the power load of the new compressor.
Turn the power off to the HVAC condensing unit. Do this by turning the circuit breaker off that serves the unit.
Unscrew the service panel that is located on the unit. It is typically located on a corner of the unit and is secured with four screws.
Remove the panel and look at the information diagram on the inside. It will contain all the technical information about your HVAC condensing unit.
Look for the line item that lists the BTU of the condensing unit. It should list a number between 12,000 and 60,000 and is usually in increments of 6,000. This is how many BTUs of cooling your condensing unit provides.
Divide the number listed by 12,000. This will tell you how many tons your HVAC compressor is. For example, if the BTU number listed is 36,000, divide it by 12,000 and you'll see that you have a 3 ton unit.
Screw the service panel back on to the unit and turn the circuit breaker on.
- R & L Sheet Metal: Definitions & Helpful Tips
- Timothy Gonyo; Sheet Metal Workers Local #18; Milwaukee, WI
- Turning the circuit breaker off to the condensing unit is essential to prevent the risk of electric shock.