How to Expose a Fresh Water Spring

A spring is typically where an underground water source has bubbled up due to water quantity or underground pressure.

Geysers occur when spring water is put under great pressure.Geysers occur when spring water is put under great pressure.
Spring water may gush from its source, or seep, depending on the conditions and amounts of water hidden beneath the surface. When you are ready to expose a fresh water spring, look for areas that show water plant growth or green spots showing in normally dry areas, which are indications of underground water. If you plan to drink the water, care must be taken to use clean tools and work carefully to keep contamination down.

Rake away all debris such as leaves and loose soil and any sticks or garbage that may be present. Clear the area that you have determined will be the size of your reservoir. Depending upon your intentions, this may be a tiny depression of just a few inches, or a large, deep reservoir. The minimum recommended is about 3 feet diameter.

Dig a depression in the center of your cleared area or well until you are satisfied with the flow of water. The deepest part should be in the center, with the sides forming a shallow bowl to the edges of your reservoir.

Place a couple of shovel fulls of gravel over the bottom of the well once you have finished your reservoir. This allows for natural filtering to take place.

Things You Will Need

  • Rake
  • Shovel
  • 1 to 2 inch gravel


  • To further develop your spring, you may build retaining walls around the inside of the reservoir using rock or concrete blocks. Some people place a cement tank with an open bottom to further increase the spring's efficiency and capacity.


  • Do not drink water located near industrial areas or areas where livestock are kept.
  • Have the water analyzed before consuming it.

About the Author

Angela Baird has been writing professionally since 1995. She has a wide range of life experiences from work with abused animals with the Humane Society, to more than 20 years of hands-on experience in the culinary arts. In addition, she keeps horses and does her own home improvements and home gardening.