Turn off the air compressor. Disconnect the electrical plug. Unscrew the compressor housing to expose the electrical circuit board. Locate the capacitor to be tested.
Discharge the stored electricity contained in the capacitor. Find the two leads protruding from the edges or bottom of the capacitor. Strip enough plastic from an insulated wire to expose enough metal to touch both leads simultaneously. Grasp the wire by the insulated covering and touch the exposed wire to both leads protruding from the capacitor.
Hold the wire against the capacitor for 30 seconds or more. If the wire gets hot, remove it from the capacitor and allow the wire to cool. Reconnect the wire until a full 30 seconds can be maintained to drain the capacitor. The wire acts as a resistor to slowly discharge the capacitor's electrical charge.
Turn your multimeter to measure resistance, or "Ohms." Touch one of the multimeter leads to one side of the capacitor leads. Touch the other multimeter to the remaining capacitor lead. Monitor the resistance as measured on the multimeter.
Test the capacitor's ability to store energy. Failed capacitors will not store a charge, resulting in a "zero" reading on the multimeter. "Open" capacitors will not show any reading on the multimeter. Functional capacitors will initially display a "zero" reading on the multimeter and will slowly climb to infinity. Leaking capacitors will climb from zero, but will stop climbing. The climb results when the battery from the multimeter charges the capacitor. Discharge the capacitor between each test.
Replace capacitors with visual damage or failure. Replace capacitors that fail the resistance test.
Things You Will Need
- Thick insulated wire
- Wire strippers
- Test known good capacitors to determine if the behavior of potentially leaking capacitors is normal.
- Wrap bare wire with electrical tape to create an insulated barrier for gripping during testing.