How to Create a House Plan
A house plan or floor plan is a scale drawing of the intended layout of a home. A house plan is used to give a general idea of a home's layout and size, while a blueprint will specify exactly where windows, doors, wiring and plumbing will go. A simple house plan drawn by an inexperienced homeowner can be turned into a professional blueprint by a drafter, architect or special computer programs. House plans are available online or from books at home improvement stores, though you can create your own to meet the needs of you and your family.
- Decide on the exterior measurements for your home and draw the outside perimeter of the house onto the graph paper. If you are drawing a two story house, draw the second story onto a new sheet of paper. Remember that the perimeter of the second story should be the same as the first level, smaller than the first level or only slightly larger, so that the first story can support the second story.
- Mark the front and back of the home on each story, and bear in mind where you will place the home. Decide which rooms you want to place at the front of the home and which rooms you wish to place at the back.
- Draw in the interior walls that will section off the rooms. You may need to erase and redraw these lines several times in order to come up with a design that fits your needs or the layout ideas you want. Consider things you may want for the home's final design, including if you want an open floor plan for the living room, kitchen and dining room. Also consider how many bathrooms and bedrooms you wish to include and whether you want a master bedroom and bathroom.
- Sketch in the location of permanent fixtures such as kitchen counters, kitchen islands, bathroom cabinets, toilets, showers and bathtubs. Drawing these items into your house plan will allow you to consider space issues, locate plumbing and help in the final drafting of the home's blueprint.
- Repeat all the above steps several times to create various layouts for the home. Compare all your created house plans before deciding on a final one to convert into a blueprint.
Things You Will Need
- Graph paper
- Use online or computer software programs to create house plans on your computer and easily print them out for reference.