How to Stop Shore Erosion in a Pond

Pond shoreline erosion occurs for one of two reasons. Water washing across the shoreline as it runs across the land toward the pond can cause erosion. Wave action of the pond water also causes erosion of the shoreline. Proper erosion control practices address both of these causes and help stabilize the bank. These erosion control steps can be undertaken by most do-it-yourselfers, and only require a few simple supplies.

A stand of grass or other ground cover helps limit erosion on the shore of a pond.

Step 1

Plant grass, or other cover vegetation, along the shoreline.  Select species appropriate for the climate in your area.

Step 2

Fence the area to prevent large livestock from grazing along the shoreline.  Cattle or horses eating the grass will slow the growth of the plants, and their hooves can tear up the sod, thus allowing more erosion.

Step 3

Riprap the waterline.  Use rocks up to 2 feet in diameter.

Place the rocks side by side covering the shoreline from approximately 1 foot above the high-water mark to about 1 foot below the normal water line.  The rocks above the highest possible water level prevent damage from wave action during high-water events, while the rocks below the normal water level will protect the shoreline during dry seasons when water levels are lower.

Things You Will Need

  • Grass seed
  • Livestock fencing
  • Rock

About the Author

Keith Allen, a 1979 graduate of Valley City State College, has worked at a variety of jobs including computer operator, medical clinic manager, radio talk show host and potato sorter. For over five years he has worked as a newspaper reporter and historic researcher. His works have appeared in regional newspapers in North Dakota and in "North Dakota Horizons" and "Cowboys and Indians" magazines.

Photo Credits

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