Why Is There Frost in My Frost-Free Refrigerator?

To operate efficiently, refrigerators must be defrosted on a regular basis.

Broken Timer

If ice is building up in your frost-free freezer, your refrigerator needs maintenance.If ice is building up in your frost-free freezer, your refrigerator needs maintenance.
Otherwise, ice begins to obstruct the flow of air within the machine and its ability to cool the air. Many new refrigerators are "frost-free," or contain a device to automatically defrost the machine on a regular basis. However, this device can break.

Automatic defrosting systems consist of a heater, a thermostat and a timer that controls the defrost cycles. According to Appliance411, the timers in the defroster fail fairly frequently and need to be reset or replaced. The result depends on when the timer stops working: If the timer stops working during normal operation, then the refrigerator is never defrosted and ice builds up along the walls of the freezer. If it stops working during a defrost cycle, the freezer will fail to return to cooling.

Broken Thermostat

Defrost systems also contain a thermostat that could fail. This thermostat is responsible for turning off the heating element when an appropriate defrost temperature is reached. If the thermostat fails, even if the timer is signaling the beginning of a defrost phase, the thermostat is failing to turn on the heater and the temperature of the freezer never rises enough for the frost to melt. Another possible symptom of a broken thermostat is a wild variation of temperatures within the freezer. The thermostat should ensure that the freezer heats just enough to thaw any accumulated ice but not enough to thaw the freezer's contents.

Broken Heater

Finally, the heater itself could be broken. If the heater fails, the timer and thermostat are both signaling that it is time to heat the refrigerator a bit, but the heater fails to respond and the defrost cycle ends without any defrosting having occurred.

Service

Since the cause of the problem could be any number of parts in the defrost system, problems are best handled by a trained appliance technician. Consult the manufacturer, as the problem may be covered by your warranty.

About the Author

Kevin Walker is a computer programmer who decided to take a few years out from the corporate life and see the world. He spent a total of six years living abroad and teaching English in China, Korea and Mexico before returning to his home in Texas. He uses his programming and teaching experience to write easy-to-understand computer tutorials.