Split Rail Fence
The split rail fence was made by splitting a rail lengthwise, stacking them and then securing them between two upright posts. The fences were secured to upright posts with rope. This fence was first used in the United States in the 1600s, according to the website Appalachian Fence.
Pot and Rail Fence
This fence was used in England during the 1700s, according to John Pickard's "Post and Rail Fences." As people sailed, or were forced, to Australia, they brought their method of building post and rail fences with them. They were first used to form paddocks to hold livestock. The popularity of the fence grew rapidly after it was exported to the United States and elsewhere.
The stockade fence is another old fence style. These fences were constructed by embedding logs into the soil so they stood upright. The U.S. Army used this style of fence to build forts around the American West.
Snake Rail Fence
A snake rail fence is a primitive form of log fencing. The rails are slip, and instead of being secured to upright fence posts, the ends are stacked between two uprights. The name refers to the fact that, if viewed from above, the fence forms zig-zags rather than straight lines, stretching across the field, like this: wwwwwww (though with less acute angles).
Stone and Log Fences
Stone and log fences are a combination of rocks and logs. The logs form rails while the stones form the uprights. The effect looks like tall, narrow stone walls with rails extending between them.