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Architectural Shingles Vs. Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used type of shingle on homes in the U.S. and come in different styles, including architectural. While architectural shingles are a subtype of asphalt shingles, the two types have different construction and typically offer different levels of durability.

Architectural shingles have a textured look created by layers of material.

Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used type of shingle on homes in the US.  and come in different styles, including architectural.

While architectural shingles are a subtype of asphalt shingles, the two types have different construction and typically offer different levels of durability. 


Standard Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles, properly called composition shingles, are made with layers of fiberglass or building paper covered with asphalt and topped with granular mineral material that provides color and UV-resistance.  Standard shingles have a "3-tab" design in which each rectangular shingle has three slots cut into its bottom half, creating three tabs.

When the top, unslotted half of the shingle is covered by the shingle above, the exposed tabs have the appearance of being three individual shingles. 


Architectural Shingles

Architectural shingles are a type of asphalt shingle but are typically thicker and heavier than standard composition shingles and often are premium shingle options.  Instead of a 3-tab design, architectural shingles have alternating sections of thicker and thinner material, creating the illusion of individual shingles.

The thickness is achieved with laminated construction, giving them the nickname "laminated" shingles. 


Durability

Standard composition shingles often carry warranties of 15 to 30 years.  Architectural shingles typical have longer warranties, from 30 years up to 50 years.

Both types offer generally good durability in a variety of climates, and quality is the best indication of lifespan.  They are suitable for sloped roofs only (not flat or very low-slope roofs).

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About the Author

Serena Brown graduated from the University of South Alabama with a bachelor's degree in communication. She has more than 15 years of experience in newspaper, radio and television reporting. Brown has also authored educational, medical and fitness material.

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