Types of Architectural Shingles

Architectural shingles are among the highest quality of roofing shingles because of their heavier weight.

Ratings and Problems

They differ from regular asphalt shingles as they are made from heavier mat base, which is a mix of fiberglass or organic materials and some asphalt added to it. Granules are added to the top layer of shingles, and backs are coated for additional sturdiness. Architectural shingles are commonly used on larger homes, due to durability and as they also do not require additional support under the roof. Building contractors find architectural shingles easy to install, as certain types do not require nailing down but have interlocking tabs. Due to their mineral and asphalt components, architectural shingles are strong enough to withstand extreme temperatures or weather disasters. Most architectural shingles come with a lifetime warranty, and are designed to last for 40 years.

The heavier the architectural shingles are, the higher their ratings are for weather and fire resistance. Architectural shingles are built to withstand winds up to 120 mph, and heavy granulated top coats make them highly fire resistant. A common problem of architectural shingles is algae and mildew buildup, which can cause damage to the roofing product. Areas that receive larger volume of rain can prevent mildew damage by using shingles with some copper included in the material compound.

Atlas Shingles

Atlas Roofing Company offers an architectural shingle type that features a three-dimensional design. The shingles are made of more than one layer of material, with the extra layers being composed of layers of laminate. The additional layers enhance appearance, and resemble natural shake or slate shingle. Pinnacle Designer shingles, StormMaster LM, Chalet, Stratford and GlassMaster Alpine are architectural shingle product lines manufactured by Atlas Roofing Company.

CertainTeed Shingles

CertainTeed manufactures architectural shingle types that are designed to look like slate shingles, wood shakes and architectural shingles. Product lines of these shingles are marketed as Grand Manor, Carriage House, Presidential Shake, Hatteras. CertainTeed guarantees its architectural shingles against algae growth, but does not guarantee prevention of mold or mildew growth.

IKO Shingles

IKO, a worldwide manufacturer and supplier of architectural shingles, makes fiberglass-based, laminated and slate-like architectural shingle types. Cambridge is IKO's premium architectural style shingle, that is laminated and is guaranteed for up to 50 years. Regency shingles are also laminated, but look like genuine wood shake roof. Crowne Slate architectural shingle type appears to look like slate, but does not weigh nearly as much as actual slate rock. Grandeur shingles are fiberglass-based. Royal Victorian shingles are also fiberglass-based, but also are mixed with asphalt. Royal Victorian shingles resemble Dutch clay tiles.

DECRA Shingles

DECRA Roofing Systems manufactures architectural shingle types that are stone-coated metal shingles. Zinc/aluminum-coated steel is used with an acrylic bonded layer of natural crushed stone, which creates shingles that resist sun fading, UV rays, rot and moss infestation. DECRA Tile Shingles resemble Mediterranean clay tiles. DECRA Shake Shingles are made out of metal, and look like traditional cedar shake shingles. DECRA Shingles are also metal shingles, but look like traditional asphalt shingles. DECRA Shingle Plus are made to look like traditional wood-cut architectural shingles.

Owens-Corning Shingles

Owens Corning manufactures unique looking architectural shingles. Its roofing products are designed for areas with extreme weather conditions, and are fiberglass-based shingles. Some of their shingle product lines are Berkshire, Woodcrest and Woodmoor.

Residential and Commercial

Architectural shingles can be purchased for residential construction, such as luxury homes or it can be used in commercial projects. Tamko Roofing Product manufactures a line of metal architectural shingles that can be used for commercial projects. Metalworks Steel shingles are lightweight metal, and are shaped to mimic slate, wood and tile.