How to Install Rafter Lookouts
A "lookout" is a short horizontal rafter installed to frame rafters that overhang a wall at the edge of a roof or sometimes to extend a gable roof edge beyond the end wall of a house. It almost certainly got the name because workers were cautioned to "look out" for those extensions when building houses. Most lookouts are made of 2-by-4-inch lumber, although some roofs may require 2-by-6 or even larger lookouts. They typically are enclosed at the side of a house with a bottom covering called a soffit.
Install a ledger board, a 2-by-4 that will serve as a ledge or nailing support for the wall end of the lookout. Place this on the wall to match the level of the end of the rafter end beyond the wall. Use a tape measure and level to determine this placement, which will vary with the length of rafter overhang and its slope. Put a level at the bottom of the rafter rail to the wall and mark a spot for the bottom of the ledger. Mark this at each end of the wall. Snap a chalk line to mark the bottom of the ledger board.
Nail the ledger board with a hammer and framing nails to the wall studs, through the plywood or other sheathing on the wall. Use framing nails long enough to penetrate the studs through the sheathing; that length will vary with the type of wall sheathing. Nail one end of the ledger, then level it along the chalk line and nail it at the other end. Go back and add two nails at every stud.
Use a tape measure to determine the length between the face of the ledger board and the end of the rafter. Cut 2-by-4s with a circular saw to that measurement for lookouts, square on both ends. Install one lookout at a time. Nail the end of the lookout to the rafter tail through the side with one nail, then toenail the other end to the ledger board; toenails are driven at an angle through the lookout into the ledger. Add a second nail on the rafter end once the lookout is level and secure.
Bob Haring has been a news writer and editor for more than 50 years, mostly with the Associated Press and then as executive editor of the Tulsa, Okla. "World." Since retiring he has written freelance stories and a weekly computer security column. Haring holds a Bachelor of Journalism from the University of Missouri.