How to Splice and Waterproof a Number 10-3 Electrical Wire

Electrical repairs and installations sometimes require two cables to be spliced together to form a connection.
Large wires positioned outdoors or underground must be spliced with a waterproof connector.Large wires positioned outdoors or underground must be spliced with a waterproof connector.
When working with large-gauge wires such as 10/3 with ground, screw-on wire-nut connectors are not an option, and special care must be taken to make a connection waterproof. Using a large-gauge self-sealing UF splice kit, 10/3 cable can be spliced and waterproofed quickly and easily.

Step 1

Turn power to the line off at the breaker panel.

Step 2

Separate the components of the waterproof splice kit.

Step 3

Insert the end of one cable into one of the covering sides, then insert the other cable into the other half of the covering.

Step 4

Strip the covering off 1/2 inch of each wire.

Step 5

Insert the wires into the slots on the metal inner splice piece. Match each wire up with the same color wire from the second cable. For example, insert the end of the red wire, then in the slot on the opposite side of the metal splice insert the other red wire so the two meet up.

Step 6

Tighten the screws on the side of the metal splice so they grip the wires tightly, then slide the two pieces of waterproof covering together over the splice and connect the halves to create a waterproof seal.

Step 7

Turn the power back on and ensure no problems exist before burying or attaching the connector permanently.

Things You Will Need

  • Wire strippers
  • Self-sealing UF splice kit for 10/3 wire
  • Flat-tip screwdriver

About the Author

Marie Clay began writing professionally for an advertising firm in 2004. She holds a Bachelor of Science in mass communication from Illinois State University, where she was named Outstanding Honors Student for her graduating class and holds a third-degree black belt in Taekwondo with the World Taekwondo Federation. Her specialties include interactive media, art, computer software and programming, and parenting.