The Italian Honeybee
The Italian honeybee is the most commonly used breed of bee in beekeeping in the western hemisphere. Other breeds include the Russian honeybee and the caucasian honeybee. The Italian honeybee is best suited to the climate of the United States.
The Italian honeybee is recommended for beginners because of its gentle nature. This breed of bee is less likely to sting the handler out of aggression. These honeybees will generally leave you and your neighbors alone as long as they are not provoked or disturbed.
The Italian honeybees will keep breeding after they have stopped producing honey for the season, which will increase the number of bees in the hive. This is helpful for the beginner in case bees die due to the inexperience of the beekeeper. Your bee population will remain stable, even in the winter.
Italian honeybees produce as much honey as other breeds. They drink nectar from flowers and use the "waggle dance" to show the other worker bees in the hive where the flowers are. The bees help pollination as they fly from flower to flower. The nectar becomes honey in the combs of the hive, and the honey can then be harvested and bottled. The bees will feed on the honey in the cold months when nectar from flowers is not readily available.