Differences Between Urethane and Polyurethane Paints

Opinions vary about whether to use urethane-based or polyurethane-based paints.

Protection and Finish

Urethane and polyurethane paints share many properties.Urethane and polyurethane paints share many properties.
The prefix " poly" originated from the Greek word meaning " many," which conveys that polyurethane is made up of many urethanes. Urethane, which has a basic structure of five atoms, is the base chemical utilized to create polyurethane. Urethane uses both water-based acrylic compounds and fossil fuel chemical compounds. Homeowners often choose between acrylic urethane and polyurethane, which are two separate paint systems, or a combination of the two.

Acrylic urethane cracks more easily than polyurethane. Acrylic urethane also offers a much lower degree of protection from ultraviolet rays than polyurethane. For this reason, polyurethane often is added to acrylic urethane. The combination creates a shinier finish. The solvents contained in certain polyurethane compounds also help protect finishes from ultraviolet light radiation. This property makes polyurethane paints ideal to use in house painting.

Application

Acrylic urethane is easier to spray, wet sand and buff than polyurethane. Acrylic urethane is commonly used for car paint restorations. Polyurethanes, comprised of multiple urethane into compounds called polymers, are harder and more rigid than urethanes. They bond well with metals and plastics. High concentrations of polyurethanes are mixed into paints to make finishes scratch and chip resistant. Polyurethanes also can be used in high- or low-heat applications.

Durability and Toxicity

Acrylic urethane does not provide as much protection from the elements as polyurethane. Polyurethane paints also offer a higher degree of chip and scratch resistance than acrylic urethane. Urethane is toxic to small animals and pets. Polyurethanes, because of their compounds, pose a lower risk.

About the Author

Dan Boone has been writing since 1999. His work has appeared on CaribbeanChannel.com and he wrote for the "Virgin Voice" magazine and its website, Virgin Voices. Boone has a Bachelor of Arts in composition and arranging from Berklee College of Music in Boston. He also holds a certificate in digital-sound engineering from the Trebas Institute in Montreal.