Abrasive materials such as dirt, sand, and grit can damage the stone's surface. Frequently clean your stone floor with a clean, chemical-free dry dust mop or broom. You may also use a vacuum cleaner that does not have a beater bar. Vacuums with beater bars or that are not in good condition may scratch the surface of a stone floor.
You can also put down attractive area rugs with non-slip backing in entrances and other high-traffic areas to protect the surface. Loose dirt will be deposited on the area rug, which you can vacuum.
Cleaning Materials to Use
You can use a mild detergent and water on your stone floor. Do not use anything abrasive such as a scouring powder that will leave scratches on the surface of your floor. You can also use products designed specifically for cleaning stone floors. For a new floor, ask the flooring retailer or installer to recommend cleaning produce.
Spills should be cleaned up immediately. Rinse off the floor thoroughly when doing your regular cleaning. Soap and other cleaning agents can leave a film if not rinsed off thoroughly. Don't use ammonia-based cleaners on stone; they will dull the finish.
Special care should be taken when moving any furniture across a stone floor. Do not drag the furniture or the floor could be scratched or chipped. Get one or more people to help lift the furniture.