What Are Two Devices in a Smart House?

While smart houses sound like science fiction, a number of them are already hard at work today.

Identification

Even the devices used in them can be adapted to most existing houses to help control energy costs, monitor loved ones and make life a little more comfortable. The two most important devices in a smart house are a central computer and a special wiring system.

A smart house is one that has electronic controls to regulate temperature, lights and equipment in an energy efficient manner.

Central Computer

Smart houses have a central computer that runs all the controls, from regulating air temperature to when the lights come on. Depending on the type, you can also call into the computer and have it do specific things such as turn on a hot tub as you drive home from work.

Special Wiring

If built from the ground up or through extensive remodeling, a smart house may include special wiring that allows the computer to only send power to outlets when something is plugged in and in use. This wiring also allows the computer to determine what volts are needed rather than assuming the appliance needs all 110 volts typically supplied to outlets.

Practical Purpose

Smart houses are currently being built for people with dementia who live in group homes in the United Kingdom. The systems in these houses focus on ensuring stoves are turned off, that residences remember to take medicine and that the live-in caregivers are alerted should one of the residents attempt to wander during the night.

Beginning Small

If you want to implement a smart house, there are small things you can do now to start, like installing a programmable thermostat or motion sensor light switches.

About the Author

Kim Leslie has been writing for twelve years and holds degrees from Maryville College and the University of Tennessee. She has written for "Resource Recycling Magazine," "State Laws Recycling Update," "Recycling Laws International" and "Watermarks". She has knowledge of Lupus, GERDs, science education, environmental issues, eldercare, parenting, Pilates and yoga.