How to Build a Bed Frame

You can build a sturdy bed frame from 2-by-4 studs. This rectangular frame is actually stronger than those flimsy metal frames typically used on average beds. By using studs, it allows you to custom fit the frame to the bed, and the frame can even be disassembled for easy transportation. If you can use a miter saw and a cordless screwgun, you can build this frame in about an hour.

Build a simple bed frame with 2-by-4 studs.

Step 1

Measure the length of the of the box springs. Add 3-1/2 inches to the length and cut two studs to that length using a miter saw.

Step 2

Measure the width of the box springs. Add 1 inch to the width and cut two studs to that length. Place the long studs on a flat surface with the short studs between them, flush at the ends. The studs should be standing on their narrow edges.

Step 3

Drill three holes through each of the long studs at the end, penetrating into the ends of the short studs. Space them evenly, 3/4 inch from the end of the stud. Use a 5/32-inch drill bit and the cordless drill/driver. These are the pilot holes for the screws.

Step 4

Place 3-inch screws in all the holes and drive them tight into the short studs using the drill/driver. You should now have a rectangular frame 1/2 inch longer and 1/2 inch wider than the box springs on the inside. The extra 1/2 inch width and length allows the box springs to fit inside with a bit of room all the way around, and will ensure that the box springs doesn't get stuck in the frame.

Step 5

Place one 1/2-inch scrap block in each corner, and center one of the blocks midway between the ends on the long sides of the frame. You will be building the frame upside down, so the feet will stick straight up when you screw them on. Place one of the 4-by-4 blocks on top of each one of the scrap blocks.

Step 6

Clamp the feet flush into the corners with a hand clamp. Place one clamp on each block standing midway between the ends. Drill two holes through the studs on both sides of the 4-by-4 corner blocks. Drill two holes through the sides of the studs to penetrate into the two center 4-by-4 blocks.

Step 7

Place screws in all the holes. Drive the screws in tight, then remove the clamps. Pick up the frame, flip it over and stand it on its 4-by-4 feet. Place the box springs in the frame. It will rest on top of the 4-by-4 feet that are recessed down 1-1/2 inches. There will be a 1/2-inch lip around the perimeter of the box springs to keep it in place.


  • Always wear eye protection when working with wood.

About the Author

Specializing in hardwood furniture, trim carpentry, cabinets, home improvement and architectural millwork, Wade Shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972. Shaddy has also worked as a newspaper reporter and writer, and as a contributing writer for Bicycling Magazine. Shaddy began publishing in various magazines in 1992, and published a novel, “Dark Canyon,” in 2008.