How to Replace a Built-in Kitchen Stove

When it is time to replace a built-in stove, decide if you would like the new stove to be electric or gas, and make sure that it can be connected that way in your home.

Electric Built-In

This looks like two breakers.This looks like two breakers.
Although most built-in stoves are alike in respect to how they are installed, the size of the cabinet opening needed may be different for a new built-in stove, and you may need to remodel the existing cabinet for the new stove. This article assumes that you are replacing electric with electric and gas with gas. Other modifications may be needed to convert from one to the other.

Step 1

This looks like two breakers.

Locate the main breaker box. Locate the breaker connecting the electricity to the stove and switch it to the "off" position. This breaker could look like two breakers put together at the switch. Check the stove for power before going to the next step.

Step 2

Slide a putty knife under the rim around the built-in stove to separate it from the countertop material. Be cautious to not scratch the countertop. Work the rim of the stove slowly to be certain to not miss any areas.

Step 3

Grip the built-in stove on the backside of the cooktop and gently pull on it to see if it will move. If not, work the rim with the putty knife again. After it begins to move, get someone to help you lift the built-in stove out of the cabinet. If it has an oven, it will be heavy. Set it on the floor directly in front of the cabinet.

Step 4

Locate the electrical wires coming from the stove and going to the wall. In some cases, there may be an actual electrical cord similar to what is used on an electric dryer, connected to the stove. If so, unplug it and remove the stove. If not, you will need to disconnect the wires where they meet and replace the means by which the connection is made. If this is not enclosed in a junction box, it is recommended that one be added. Clean the floor area where the old stove was.

Step 5

Locate the electrical connections on the back of the new built-in stove. If the old stove used a cord, remove it. Secure the wires to the new stove and then together inside a junction box with wire nuts and electrical tape. Be certain the connection will not be compromised when installing the new stove in the cabinet.

Gas Built-In Stove

Step 1

Turn the gas off. In some cases, the gas valve is located above the bottom shelf in a cabinet near the stove. However, some are located under the stove and will not be accessible until the built-in stove has been removed from the cabinet.

Step 2

Follow Steps 1 through 3 in the previous section to remove the built-in stove. There will be a flex line leading from the back of the stove to a gas valve near the floor. Turn it to the "off" position and remove the flex line with a pipe wrench.

Step 3

Remove the flex line at the stove connection if the line is in good condition, otherwise replace it. Do not attempt to loosen the line anywhere except the nut. Some gas will escape when the flex line is removed.

Step 4

Apply pipe sealer to the threads before connecting the flex line. Be careful to not over-tighten the nut, as this could cause a leak. When the connections are made and the gas is on again, spray some soapy water on the connections to check for leaks. Adjust if necessary. Slip the new stove in place, taking care to not kink the flex line.

Things You Will Need

  • Putty knife
  • Phillips-head screwdriver
  • Slotted screwdriver
  • Wire nuts
  • Electrical tape
  • Junction box
  • 220-volt cord
  • Pipe wrench (gas stove)
  • Flex gas line (gas stove)
  • Pipe sealer (gas stove)
  • Soapy water in a spray bottle

Tips

  • Clean the countertop around the opening before installing the new built-in stove.
  • Check the countertop for damage in the area where the new stove will sit.

Warnings

  • Never work with live electricity.
  • Do not use wire nuts that are not made for this type of electrical connection.

About the Author

Michael Straessle has written professionally about the construction industry since 1988. He authored “What a Strange Little Man,” among other books, and his work has appeared in various online publications. Straessle earned a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock in professional/technical writing.