How to Treat Subterranean Termites

Termites are mostly killed through one of two methods.

Bait

Termites cause extensive damage to wood materials.Termites cause extensive damage to wood materials.
The bait system is more environmentally friendly since it uses far fewer chemicals and only hurts certain insects. The pesticide is usually a growth regulator that causes the termites to grow in a way that makes them incapable of reproducing and sometimes even kills them. This bait spreads throughout the hive, since the termites groom each other and will spread the growth regulators among the hive. Older termite treatments involve toxic chemicals that effectively kill termites but are toxic for the environment and can stay in the soil for a long time.

Step 1

Purchase a plastic stake bait system designed for termites. These bait systems are designed to lure termites to the bait so that it can be confirmed that there are termites under the house. Inside the bait traps are wooden stakes. Surrounding these wooden stakes are holes that the termites can enter through.

Step 2

Put the plastic stakes in the ground at various points around the home. If there is a termite colony, the termites will come to the bait and chew on it.

Step 3

Check the bait stakes periodically to see if any termites have entered.

Step 4

Replace the bait stakes with special stakes that contain pesticides designed to kill the subterranean termites.

Step 5

Change the bait stakes every week until they are no longer consumed by the termites.

Liquid

Step 1

Purchase a termite insecticide containing fipronil.

Step 2

Locate cracks where termites can potentially enter the home.

Step 3

Pump the liquid termite killer into the soil near these areas.

Step 4

Recheck for signs of termite damage to see if you’ve sealed all of the termite entry points.

Things You Will Need

  • Termite bait
  • Termite pesticide

Tips

  • Termites can be identified by mud-like substances found on wood in the house, termite wings lying around in the house, actual termites in the wood, swarmer termites flying around in large quantities outside the home, termite tubes, sawdust, small holes, paint bubbles on painted wood surfaces and hollow wood.
  • There are some natural remedies that can prevent termite infestation such as reducing the moisture around the house, keeping wood out of the lawn, sealing cracks, keeping tree branches from touching the house and using termite-resistant wood like redwood, juniper and cedar.

Warnings

  • Termite infestations are best left to professionals.
  • The bait method of termite killing takes so long that significant damage can be done while the bait is working.
  • Do not try natural remedies if you already have a termite infestation. Natural remedies will only prevent termite infestations.

About the Author

Charles Pearson has written as a freelancer since 2009. He has a B.S. in literature from Purdue University Calumet and is currently working on his M.A. He has written the ebooks "Karate You Can Teach Your Kids," "Macadamia Growing Handout" and "The Raw Food Diet."