Exterior Paint Vs. Solid Stain

Both exterior paint and solid stains are reasonable options for many outdoor surfaces, including house siding, fences, decks, patios and sheds.

Look

Deciding whether to paint or stain outdoor surfaces requires several considerations.Deciding whether to paint or stain outdoor surfaces requires several considerations.
However, paint and stain have somewhat different appearances and may require different amounts of preparation depending on the wood surface. Two common types of solid stain exist, which are latex and oil stains. Latex stains act similarly to latex paints in many ways, but oil stains perform quite differently.

Both exterior paint and solid exterior stains add color to outdoor wood. However, the U.S. Forest Service explains that exterior stains do not completely cover up imperfections on the wood like paints can. Exterior stains also tend to come mostly in natural wood colors, while paints come in a wide range of colors. Stain provides a more natural look and visibility of the natural wood color and grain.

Types

Most modern exterior paint is latex paint, and stains are oil-based or latex-based. All three types of wood coverings coat the wood with a protective layer and some degree of coloring, but each type has its own benefits and drawbacks in the way it looks and behaves in outdoor weather.

Exterior Paint Vs. Solid Oil Stain

Many exterior paints are latex-based, while many popular exterior stains come with a thick oil-base. According to Lowe's website and the U.S. Forest Service, latex paints and stains are more popular than old fashioned oil-based stains. Flexible latex stains resist cracking as wood expands and contracts during temperature changes, while oil-based finishes often crack.

Exterior Paint Vs. Solid Latex Stain

Solid latex stains are flexible like exterior latex paints, according to the U.S. Forest Service. However, since they provide less coverage than paints, old paint or stain may show through them. Solid latex stains may also show lap marks, which happen when the edges of paintbrush strokes overlap and create uneven coloring.

Application

The surface that needs paint or stain can affect whether paint, oil-based stain or latex-based stain will be easiest to apply. Lowe's website explains that paint can go over other painted surfaces with just some light sanding; paint does not need to go onto bare wood. Old paint will show through new stain, so applying new stain to previously painted surfaces requires the extra step of scraping off old paint. All three of these wood coverings can be applied with paintbrushes or rollers. Oil-based stains tend to have stronger fumes than latex-based paints or stains.

About the Author

Lisa Chinn developed her research skills while working at a research university library. She writes for numerous publications, specializing in gardening, home care, wellness, copywriting, style and travel. Chinn also designs marketing materials, holds a Bachelor of Science in psychology and is working toward a PhD in cognitive neuroscience.