How to Install Linoleum Flooring

Linoleum is a floor covering, similar to vinyl, that is quickly gaining popularity due to its environmentally-friendly characteristics.

Linoleum Over Wood FlooringLinoleum Over Wood Flooring
Made of linseed oil and wood dust, this product is both rapidly renewable and made of all natural, recycled content. As the green building movement gains momentum, more homeowners are choosing linoleum over similar products. Not only is this material earth-friendly, it is also very affordable and incredibly durable. A correctly installed linoleum floor can be expected to last 20 to 30 years with minimal maintenance. Fortunately, this product is fairly easy to install, and can be completed by the average homeowner in just a few days.

Remove baseboards, toeboards and any floor-level receptacle covers so that they are not damaged during the project.

Remove any nails or staples in your existing subfloor before beginning. If left in place, these items could eventually poke through the linoleum, creating holes and potential injury.

Prepare your subfloor. If the surface is uneven or rough, cover it with 1/4-inch plywood before proceeding. The plywood should be stapled or nailed every 8 inches on center. This will provide a solid, level base for installation.

Determine how much material you will need to purchase by measuring the length and width of the room. Multiply these numbers together and add 10% to this figure before making your purchase. The extra material will come in handy for future repairs or in case some of the tiles are damaged.

Snap a chalk line at the center of each wall. The point where these lines intersect is the center of the room.

Begin laying your tiles out, starting at the center of the room. You are simply determining layout at this point, so no adhesive should be used.

Cut any tiles as necessary using a razor knife and a straight edge.

Apply adhesive to the floor in small areas after you have determined your layout. Flooring adhesive should be applied in a circular motion using a trowel. Remove the tiles from a small area, apply adhesive, then press the tiles into place before proceeding to the next area.

Roll the tiles using a 100-lb. floor roller to ensure they are firmly in place. If you do not own a floor roller, you can rent one from a local home improvement store.

Reinstall baseboards and trim as required to complete the project.

Things You Will Need

  • Plywood
  • Floor stapler
  • Tape measure
  • Chalk line
  • Linoleum tiles
  • Razor knife
  • Flooring adhesive
  • Trowel
  • 100-lb. roller

About the Author

Emily Beach works in the commercial construction industry in Maryland. She received her LEED accreditation from the U.S. Green Building Council in 2008 and is in the process of working towards an Architectural Hardware Consultant certification from the Door and Hardware Institute. She received a bachelor's degree in economics and management from Goucher College in Towson, Maryland.