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How to Tile a Small Area

Tiling a small floor area uses pretty much the same process as tiling a big floor, except it's a little easier. Instead of having to stretch a chalk snapline across the room and adjust the lines to be exactly perpendicular with one another, you can just use a level and square to get the layout right. Don't assume that just because it's a small space that you need to use small tiles. In fact, using large tiles in a small space lends a dramatic look to the project.


  1. Measure the length of one wall, at the floor to be tiled, and put a mark in the middle of it. Do the same for the opposite wall. Lay your level across the floor between the two marks, and draw a straight line, cutting the area into two equal halves.
  2. Measure for the middle of the line. Lay your square at the middle, and make a perpendicular line off the first line. Extend the second line to the two walls, using your square, so the area is divided into four equal squares that meet in the middle.
  3. Use your notched trowel to spread thinset mortar over the middle of the intersection of the two lines, covering enough to lay four tiles in the four corners where the two lines meet. Press the four tiles into place, putting floor spacers between them.
  4. Spread more mortar in all directions from the middle, building outward with the tiles, putting spacers between all of them. Cut the tiles at the edges of the space with your tile cutter to fit against the walls.
  5. Let the tiles set overnight. Pull out the spacers.
  6. Grout the area by applying grout to the whole surface with a grout float, pressing it into the spaces between the lines and squeezing it off the tile face. Use a damp sponge to wipe away the excess grout.

Things You Will Need

  • Tape measure
  • Level
  • Square
  • Pencil
  • Thinset mortar
  • Notched trowel
  • Floor tiles
  • Tile spacers
  • Tile cutter
  • Grout
  • Grout float (rubber flat trowel)
  • Sponge

Warning

  • Wear protective eye goggles when cutting tiles.