How to Lay Out Ceramic Tile in a Room That Is Not Square

You should lay out a ceramic tile floor from the center of the room and work your way toward the walls (rather than going from one wall to another) so that the cuts at the sides are consistent.
The first step is to lay out two intersecting lines that are square to one another, to give you the guidelines for your grid. In theory, marking the floor from the middle of each wall will give you a square starting point at the intersection, but in reality, rooms are seldom square.

Step 1

Measure the floor along each wall, finding and marking the middle of the length.

Step 2

With an assistant, stretch the chalk snap line across the room, from the mark along one wall to the mark along the opposite wall. Pull the string taut, then snap the line (lift it in the middle and let it snap back down onto the floor, leaving a straight line of chalk).

Step 3

Stretch the snap line across the room from the two walls that are perpendicular to the first line. Don't snap it yet, but hook the string to the edge of the floor (or to a partly-set nail) on one side of the room, while your assistant stretches the string taut on the other side.

Step 4

Lay your carpenter's square at the intersection formed by the string and the chalk line that you snapped earlier. If the two perpendicular spans of the square don’t line up exactly with both the string and the chalk line, have your assistant move the string one way or another until they do.

Step 5

Snap the line. Start tiling at the intersection of the two chalk lines, working your way toward the walls.

Things You Will Need

  • Tape measure
  • Pencil
  • Chalk snap line
  • Carpenter's square
  • Assistant


  • If the room is an L shape, pick the largest side of the L and treat it like its own room, without the other part; then just extend the layout to the other part after you have tiled the main space.