Materials Used for Flooring

Picking out the right type of floor can be difficult for any homeowner, because there are a lot of factors to consider. The right flooring material may be different for different people depending on their budget, pets, kids and more. Even the room you want to put a floor in helps determine which flooring material will work best. Some flooring materials are made of natural substances, while others are created synthetically.


Wood is among the longest-lasting flooring options.

Natural wood floors can last as long as a home itself, but they cost more to purchase than some other options, such as vinyl tile. Wood floors offer the unique beauty of the tree they are made from, though they need to be resurfaced or resealed periodically. Wood floors are not ideal for bathrooms or kitchens because they can be warped by moisture.


Laminate floors are synthetics that are created to look like wood, stone or tile. They are more durable to impact than wood and can withstand the temperatures and moisture of any room. Laminate floors usually do not last longer than 30 years and are often cold to the touch. They cost less than a real wood floor and are usually easier to install.


Carpeting is a popular choice because of its low price and variety in terms of appearance. Carpet is easily stained or torn, though, making it less durable. If a foul odor such as a pet stain gets ingrained in the carpet, it can be difficult to get rid of. Carpeting is also a lesser choice for bathrooms and kitchens because it is tough to dry if it gets wet.

Vinyl Tile

Vinyl tile floors are among the cheapest options and give you all sorts of choices in colors, textures and patterns. Vinyl floors are sometimes tough to clean. While you can mop them with soap and water without worrying about damage, grout lines are difficult to get in. Vinyl tile floors do not last as long as wood or laminate and are susceptible to rips and tears.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile floors rival the longevity of wood floors and also carry a higher price tag than vinyl tile. Ceramic tile floors can work in any room and offer a lot of versatility in appearance. They are hard to the touch and can be very uncomfortable to fall on. Ceramic floors are durable but they sometimes chip and crack if they receive a blow from a hard object.

About the Author

Brian Vaughan is a freelance writer based in Springfield, Mo. He has been writing short stories, reviews and essays for over eight years and is currently pursuing a degree in professional writing at Missouri State University.