What Not to Put Down the Drain With a Garbage Disposal

Garbage disposals are useful kitchen machines that solve homeowners’ problems with unwanted food waste and smelly garbage cans.

Non-food Items

Silverware can damage a garbage disposal if put down the kitchen sink drain.Silverware can damage a garbage disposal if put down the kitchen sink drain.
A garbage disposal unit contains a small blade that cuts food scraps into pieces small enough to be deposited through the plumbing pipes. Most vegetables can be peeled directly over the sink and plates can be scraped right into the side with the garbage disposal. There are several things that can damage the disposal if put down the drain.
What Not to Put Down the Drain With a Garbage Disposal

Non-food items can easily damage or break a garbage disposal, leading to costly repairs. Never put metal, glass, paper or plastic objects in the garbage disposal. A major culprit of disposal damage is silverware, which can easily fall into the disposal without the homeowner noticing. To prevent this problem, clear the sink of all dishes and silverware before running the disposal. Keep a strainer basket over the disposal when it's not in use so nothing falls into the unit.

Hot Water

Garbage Disposal

Do not run hot water down the drain when running the garbage disposal. Hot water can cause grease to liquefy, which can accumulate around the blade and clog the drain. It may also cause some food products like pasta to expand or create a paste with flour. It is OK to run hot water down the drain if the garbage disposal is clear.

Fibrous Foods

celery stalks

Fibrous or stringy foods can wrap around a disposal blade, burn up the motor and clog the drain. Some fibrous foods are acceptable, but avoid grinding extremely fibrous foods like celery stalks, corn husks, stringy squash and onion skins. These foods are OK in small pieces in which the strings are not long enough to wrap around the blade.

Expandable Foods

pasta

Foods like pasta and rice can expand in the garbage disposal and clog the drain. This is a bigger danger if the food is added when hot or if hot water is run during disposal. If you dispose of a large amount of these foods, you could potentially pack the drain for several feet, leading to expensive plumbing repairs.

Large Bones

ribs

Large animal bones are not meant to be ground in the garbage disposal. The blades and motors are too small to handle large bones like steak bones or poultry carcasses. Some small bones are acceptable and may actually help keep the blades sharp and the walls of the disposal clean.

Potato Peels

Potato Peels

Avoid adding too many potato peels, especially at one time. The starches in potato peels create a paste around the blade that can keep it from turning. Cleaning the blade of the sticky paste is especially difficult.

Grease and Fats

grease

Avoid putting grease, oil or other fats down your garbage disposal drain. Some people claim that it is safe to put solidified grease in the garbage disposal because the blades will chop it into small pieces that can fit down the drain. The main danger with grease is that it could liquefy and then solidify further down the pipe. Even small pieces of solidified grease can accumulate in the sewer and cause major damage.

Hazardous Materials

cleaners

Dispose of hazardous materials through your community's hazardous materials disposal system, not the home garbage disposal. Putting them down the drain means they eventually end up back at the sewage treatment plant. If you have well water, these materials could potentially end up in your ground water or local streams. Hazardous materials include household cleaners, pesticides, paint, motor oil, medicine and other chemicals.

About the Author

A former cake decorator and competitive horticulturist, Amelia Allonsy is most at home in the kitchen or with her hands in the dirt. She received her Bachelor's degree from West Virginia University. Her work has been published in the San Francisco Chronicle and on other websites.