What Is Rayon Made Out Of?

Rayon is the oldest semi-synthetic fiber ever developed. It is a popular choice for clothing and home decorating materials. There are different types with the best known being viscose rayon, which is made from wood chips. It was first called rayon in 1924.


French chemist, Hilaire Bernigaud, count de Chardonnet, first developed an artificial fiber in 1878 using plant cellulose. The fiber process was patented and produced in 1884.


Viscose rayon has a silk-like feel and is exceptionally drapeable. It is widely used in the decorative fabrics industry.


Rayon dyes well, is absorbent, soft and does not melt in high temperatures. It resists moths and is not easily affected by household chemicals.


Clothing, carpets, tablecloths, draperies, upholstery, hose, bedspreads and even tires and conveyor belts are made of rayon.


Other rayons, besides viscose, include cuprammonium which is made from cotton linters, and saponified cellulose acetate.

About the Author

Debra Taylor is a freelance writer whose career experience includes owning an interior design business and a retail frame shop. She also taught elementary school and middle school language arts and has a Bachelor of Arts degree in early childhood and elementary education from Lander University. She continues to be involved with children in an after school program.