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How to Identify Types of Carpet

Carpeting is used to decorate a room by adding texture and color, as well as providing warmth and insulation. The texture of a carpet depends on the fibers used and how the fibers are cut and manipulated. The texture of a carpet can make it more or less durable. For example, tightly woven Berber carpeting holds up to high traffic areas, whereas a plush carpet would be better in low-use rooms. (references 1-3)

How to Identify Types of Carpet

  1. Sit or kneel on the floor to get a good view of the carpet fibers. A magnifying glass can be used to improve the view if necessary.

  2. Determine if the texture of the carpet is uniform and level, or varying textures. Some carpets may be sculpted to have patterns. Cut-and-loop pile carpeting has a sculpted look as some fibers remain in loops while other fibers are cut.

  3. Determine if the carpeting fibers are intact loops or cut loops. This can be determined by visually inspecting the carpet up close.

  4. Determine the type of cut-pile carpeting, if the carpet consists of cut loops. A frieze carpet has short, curly fibers that hide footprints well. A Saxony carpet looks level and smooth with twisted fibers. The texture of a plush or velvet carpet is smooth and the fibers are only slightly twisted. Plush and Saxony carpets do not hide footprints.

  5. Determine the type of loop carpeting, if the fiber loops are intact and uncut. Level loop carpeting has an even, dense layer of loops. This carpeting is durable and resistant to dirt and footprints. Multi-level loop carpeting is made from varying heights of loops to create texture and pattern.

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