Drain the water from the fountain. Water left in a fountain can enter cracks and small gaps in the fountain's construction, causing deeper cracking or other damage when the water freezes and expands.
Remove the pump and if possible remove portions of the fountain, such as statues, that contain pipe. Store the pump and any removed features indoors where the temperature will remain above freezing during the winter. Place the pump in a bucket of water to prevent seals from drying out while the pump is in storage.
Place absorbent materials such as burlap bags or old blankets in the bowls of the fountain. This allows any moisture that gets into the bowls to be absorbed instead of soaking into the bowl material and possibly damaging it when the temperature drops below freezing. Check these occasionally, replacing saturated ones with dry ones.
Place a fountain cover over the fountain, covering the fountain and any absorbent materials you placed in it. The cover will prevent precipitation and other moisture from collecting in the fountain or penetrating pores in the fountain's surface. Secure the cover with twine or other material so that it isn't blown free by the wind.
- Clean the fountain and pump when draining them to remove dirt and debris. This will save you from having to clean the fountain before refilling it when spring comes.