Types of Carpet Materials

Carpeting provides comfort and color to a room. When purchasing carpeting one will notice that there are different patterns, colors and materials to choose from. To purchase the right carpet for a room's needs, you first need to know the different types of carpet materials and fibers available.


There are numerous types of carpet materials available to purchase.

A majority of carpets are composed of some form of nylon material or byproduct. Nylon is a durable material that is resistant to wear, soil and mildew growth and is used in both indoor and outdoor applications. In a room where you plan to have heavy furniture items or items that will not move for an extended period of time, nylon material is resilient and therefore will hold up well against the weight of furniture without leaving permanent dents or disruptions in the carpeting. Nylon can be purchased in a variety of brilliant colors and can easily be dyed to a specific color palette.


Olefin, often referred to as polypropylene, is another popular carpet material. Olefin can be found in both indoor and outdoor applications due to being moisture and mildew resistant. The material is easy to clean and holds well against commercial cleaning machines. Olefin materials will also resist static electricity, stains and will not show signs of wear in high-traffic rooms. Berbers are popular carpets made from olefin materials. Before olefin is turned into a carpet material, it can be dyed in a variety of colors. Olefin is comparable in price to nylon carpeting as well.


Polyester carpet materials are soft, thick and luxurious to the touch. Though soft, they are still resistant to wear and will retain their color well with extended use. Polyester materials, however, are not as strong as olefin or nylon when it comes to long-term use. This material is on average a dollar cheaper per square yard than olefin and nylon materials.


Acrylic is a material used in most carpeting, but there are not carpets made from 100 percent acrylic material. This material is usually blended with fibers like wool to give away the appearance of an all-wool carpet without the actual cost. Acrylic carpets are moisture, fade and mildew resistant like nylon and olefin fibers.


Wool is the most luxurious carpet material on the market. It comes in a variety of colors and offers soft, durable and plush carpeting for any room in the house. Wool, however, is not as stain resistant as other materials on the market. Many individuals who are trying to be more ecological in their choices will turn to wool carpeting. This is primarily due to the fact that wool is a sustainable resource. Though more ecologically friendly, wool is more expensive than other carpet materials. Most wool carpets will start at about $40 per square yard and go up to over $100 per square yard.


Jute is an economical material for carpeting. It can be woven into intricate patterns, twisted into shapes and corded for texture. The drawback to jute carpeting, however, is that it is not moisture or damp resistant and therefore can encounter mildew growth.


Silk is a high-end and luxurious carpet material. This material will appear iridescent against light with the more intricate the pattern. Most often silk is used in oriental carpeting styles and built upon cotton foundations. Silk is a very expensive carpet material and requires high maintenance. A silk carpet is not recommended for areas of high traffic due to the inability to resist wear.

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