The gas stove is a favorite of many cooks because of the precise control over the cooking temperature. Since gas stoves actually cook over flame burners, you can see the fire and adjust it to obtain just the right amount of heat you need for a particular food.
Since the heat from a gas stove is provided directly by the flame, the desired temperature can be reached almost instantly instead of waiting for a heating element to reach the set temperature. The design of many gas stoves also makes for easy cleanup without having to remove plug-in elements.
The electric stove is probably the most common type of stove. Since gas is not available in all homes, electric cook tops are a good option for universal use. In addition, electric coil stoves generally cost less than other types of stoves.
The electric stove works by heating a plug-in element usually shaped like a coil that heats the cookware through direct contact. Sometimes the electric use by these appliances cost more in the long run than gas alternatives. The design allows for precise heating through dial settings, but the open coil is also prone to mess and boil over and is more difficult to clean up.
Some electric stoves have ceramic cook tops that are smooth and easier to clean. An electrical heating element under the ceramic heats the surface for cooking.
An induction cook top is a more modern type of cooking stove. These appliances cost a little more and look almost identical to smooth top ceramic electrical stoves. The difference is that these stoves do not get hot to the touch and are considered much safer.
Induction cooking generates heat from the actual cooking vessel by magnetic energy. With the correct type of cookware, the pots and pans get hot and cook the food but the surface itself remains cool. The result of this type of cooking is a cooler kitchen, less wasted energy and easy clean up.