How to Put a Futon Bed Together

Futons are an attractive and inexpensive choice for furnishing a home. They are useful because they are not only a comfortable couch, but can easily be made into a comfortable bed.

Most futons are constructed in a similar way using similar parts and hardware. If your manufacturer assembly instructions become lost, here are some general instructions for futon assembly that will apply to most futons with only minimal adjustments necessary.

Putting a Futon Bed Together

  1. Lay out the futon parts that came with the futon to ascertain that nothing is missing or damaged before beginning the assembly. Make sure that all of the hardware parts are included.

  2. Find four pins, four rollers and four clips within the included parts. Next, find the backrest of the futon. Look to find the holes that are pre-drilled into each side of the backrest. Two of these holes will be closer to each other and another hole will be at the bottom of the side. The lower hole is where the side will be connected to the seat of the futon.

    The rollers have a round top and a slightly bigger bottom. The bottom portion of each roller will be placed against the wood with a pin inserted through the top of the roller. The pin will then extend through the hole and into the back of the futon. On the opposite side, you will place a washer over this pin with a clip. Push the clip through the hole to fasten it. This needs to be done for each of the four rollers.

  3. Find the seat section, and on the seat section, find the hole nearest to the end. After finding these holes, lay out the seat and back sections with their slats facing toward the ceiling. Insert the two remaining pins through the empty holes in the back section of the sides through to the the holes in the seat. Place a washer over the pins and follow the washer with a clip on each pin to secure.

  4. Find the two arms and two stretchers of the futon. One side of each arm should have two grooves. These grooves will face each other inward toward the center of the futon. Find the two stretchers. These stretchers should have four small holes on one side of each stretcher near the ends. These holes must face in toward the holes of the opposite stretcher.

    Find a barrel nut and insert it into one of the holes it will fit into. The screwdriver-point side of the barrel nut must face outward from the hole when the barrel nut is inserted. The hole in the side of the barrel nut must line up with the hole in the end of the rail. Push the bolt in through the outside of the arm and into the rail by threading it into the barrel nut. Use an Allen wrench to tighten the screw. Repeat this for all of the bolts, but do not tighten them fully yet.

    Leave two bolts out of the rail nearest to the grooves in the futon arms to ascertain that you are able to move the arm slightly. This is necessary to adjust the arms outward when inserting the seat and back sections into the frame to avoid scratching the inside of the futon arms.

  5. Line up the top roller with the grooves in the arms. The end of the roller should fit into the groove. Line up the bottom rollers on each side with each groove that extends back and forth on the futon. The seat and back sections need to face upward for the mattress to be placed on them.

  6. Insert the two bolts and barrel nuts that are left into the back arm. If everything seems to be fitting together properly, tighten every bolt that was left loose.

    Place the mattress on the futon and the futon is completely assembled.

About the Author

Kathryn Hatter is a veteran home-school educator, as well as an accomplished gardener, quilter, crocheter, cook, decorator and digital graphics creator. As a regular contributor to Natural News, many of Hatter's Internet publications focus on natural health and parenting. Hatter has also had publication on home improvement websites such as Redbeacon.