How to Clean a Condenser Fan in a Refrigerator

It is hard to argue the importance of keeping the inside of your refrigerator clean. However, most people don't give a lot of thought to cleaning the condenser fan on the back or bottom of the appliance. This fan draws heat away from the condenser and compressor units, making your refrigerator more energy-efficient. A dirty condenser fan not only saps energy, if it is blocked with debris, the motor in the appliance can overheat and burn out. Cleaning the condenser fan is a very easy task, you just need to set aside some time to complete this important job.

  1. Determine the location of your condenser fan. Most units have a fan on the back or the bottom.

  2. Pull the refrigerator away from the wall and unplug.

  3. Use a screwdriver to unscrew the kick plate if your condenser fan is located on the back of the unit.

  4. Brush coils with a hand broom to remove large areas of dust. Use a vacuum cleaner with a crevice cleaner attachment to get into hard to reach areas. You can also use a long handled condenser cleaning brush, which can be purchased at an appliance store.

  5. If the fan is underneath the refrigerator, pull of the grate on the front of unit. This is located on the bottom front edge.

  6. Start at the front of the unit and clean as much as you can with the vacuum and crevice tool. Follow up by using the condenser cleaning tool.

  7. Move to the back of the refrigerator and clean underneath in the same manner as you did from the front, using the crevice attachment and the condenser cleaning tool.

  8. Sweep up dust and debris with a hand broom and discard in the garbage.

  9. Plug in the refrigerator and push it back into place.