How to Design the Interior of a House
Think of your interior design as the solution to a problem. Knowing the problem is the key to understanding how to solve it. Be aware of who will be living in the house and create the designs accordingly.
Use common sense and be aware of children, pets and other concerns, such as the architecture of the house and the landscape environment.
Things You Will Need
- Wallpaper, fabric and carpet samples.
- Furniture books
- Accessories such as picture frames, sculptural items, candlesticks and lamps
- Tracing paper
- Art board
- Glue sticks
- Architecture or engineering scale
- Pencil or pen
Knowing the person for whom the interior is being designed is the best way to get a sense of what the interior of a house should look like. Design the house to suit the personality of the owner. If the owner is conservative, use a traditional approach to the home's design. If the person is more liberal, perhaps a modern feel is more appropriate. Color has a psychological effect on the owner of the house. If a person is friendly and happy, bright colors are suitable. If the owner is more dark and mysterious, the interior should correspond to that person's way of looking at the world.
The best way to choose a color scheme for the house is to find a fabric sample from which to base the colors in the house. Choose a fabric for a sofa or draperies as the inspiration for a design. Pour through fabric books and find a fabric that sums up the essence of the homeowner. An intuitive insight into the homeowner's personality comes with experience and an understanding of how people think. Talk to the homeowners and get to know them. If you know what someone is interested in, you can understand who they are as a person.
Use your fabric sample's color scheme to choose furniture, paint and wallpaper colors. Find wallpaper designs that are harmonious with both the inspirational fabric sample and the tastes of the client. If the wallpaper is dark, use dark wood stains like mahogany or cherry. If the mood of the room is lighter, use pine or oak furniture. The level of detailing on the furniture should always correspond to the rest of the room's design.
Draw a plan. Draw the outline of each room using the correct measurements to scale, using an architecture or engineering scale. Place swatches of fabric and wallpaper samples next to the drawing on a board. Create several boards, one for each room of the house. Draw the furniture you have selected in its correct location. Use trace paper and experiment with different furniture arrangements. Visualize yourself moving around in the space. The space should flow, and it should be free of safety hazards. Be open to changes in wallpaper, carpet and fabric selections during the creation of your presentation boards.
Hire wallpaper and carpet installers. Design draperies and curtains using simple sketches. Submit these drawings to drapery professionals who make custom draperies. Hire someone to install the drapes and someone to bring the furniture into the house after the carpet, wallpaper and window treatments are installed. Place rugs prior to arranging the furniture in its planned arrangement. Use accessories such as lamps, artwork and knick-knacks to finalize the rooms. It is always good to have the floor, window and wall treatments in place before buying accessories.
Visualize the entire house. Make some rooms darker, such as the dining room. Living rooms should be more balanced, and the bedrooms relate more particularly to the people who live in them. Bathrooms are bright, and well-designed hallways display art.
- Marsha S. Yessick, ASID
Steven Yessick is a professional writer and artist. Yessick attended Clemson University Architecture school. He has an Master of Education in visual arts K-12 from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. He is the owner and creator of yessickart.com. He has written professionally for ehow for since 2009.